An introduction to the history of spain and the united states

spain history and culture

Prior to this, a brief war with the United States resulted in the loss of Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines, inthus completing the dissolution of the Spanish overseas empire. The subsequent general elections ofand were also won by the Spanish Socialist Party and consolidated the the position of the Popular Party, led by Jose Maria Aznar, as the second largest political force in the country.

Brief history of spain

The Spanish State embarked on a period of forty years' dictatorship, during which the political life of the country was characterized by the illegality of all the political parties with the exception of the National Movement. Spain was to have the lands to the west and Portugal those to the east accounting for the use of the Portuguese language in Brazil today. All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the s. After the Roman victory, Publius Cornelius Scipio, Africanus, began the conquest of Spain, which was to be under Roman rule for six centuries. Ferdinand and Isabella, known as the Catholic kings, celebrated the victory in part by expelling the Jews from Spain. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence. The numbers of these Native Americans plummeted, in part because of war against the colonial forces, but also because of the introduction of diseases to which the natives had no natural immunity. The Plan of Iguala was part of the peace treaty to establish a constitutional foundation for an independent Mexico. The defeat of the Moors also freed the monarchs to support exploratory ventures, including those of Christopher Columbus.

Inthe brief reign of Amadeo of Savoy ended with his abdication, and the First Republic was proclaimed. The most profitable Spanish activities in the New World occurred in the southern portions, while less rewarding ventures took place in northern areas.

An introduction to the history of spain and the united states

Regional kingdoms vied with one another for supremacy, but sometimes joined forces to confront the Moors North African Muslims who had occupied portions of Spain since the early s.

These began a movement for colonial independence that spread to Spain's other colonies in the Americas. Once the Peninsula had been completely subdued, it was Romanized to such an extent that it produced writers of the stature of Seneca and Lucan and such eminent emperors as Trajan and Hadrian.

The Canary Islands became part of Spanish territorythe hegemony of Spain in the Mediterranean, to the detriment of France, was affirmed with the conquest of the Kingdom of Naples, and Navarre was incorporated into the Kingdom. It was at this time that Rome raised a border dispute in defense of the areas of Greek influence, and thus beguan in the Peninsula the Second Punic War, which decided the fate of the world at that time.

Spanish american war summary

The Moorish presence was ended in early , when the stronghold of Granada fell. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence. The climate of growing violence culminated on July 18th in a military rising which turned into a tragic civil war which did not end until three years later. In the municipal elections of April 12th, , it became clear that in all the large towns of Spain the candidates who supported the Monarchy had been heavily defeated. The vast majority of the decline happened after the Spanish period, during the Mexican and US periods of Californian history — , with the most dramatic collapse , to 25, occurring in the US period — These began a movement for colonial independence that spread to Spain's other colonies in the Americas. The Plan of Iguala was part of the peace treaty to establish a constitutional foundation for an independent Mexico. They conquered the country swiftly except for a small bulwark in the North which would become the initial springboard for the Reconquest, which was not completed until eight centuries later. Adolfo Suarez, the prime minister of the second Monarchy Government july carried out with determination and skill though helped, certainly, by a broad social consensus the socalled transition to democracy which, after going through several stages recognition of basic liberties, political parties, including the communist party, the trade unions, an amnesty for political offences, etc. In his drive to gather riches, Columbus and later conquistadors enslaved and decimated the local populations.

The four voyages of Columbus between and served to open the door to European exploration, colonization and exploitation of the New World, although Columbus himself never set foot in North America. Between andthe regions of Catalonia, the Basque Country, Galicia and Andalusia approved statutes for their own self-government and elected their respective parliaments.

spain history summary
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Spanish colonization of the Americas