The War and Navy Departments did not allow the publication of photographs showing the dead or the injured at Pearl Harbor. Some New Dealers even feared the end of the Depression. Hoover, as president, in fact, in my judgment, broke a lot of precedent and moved very aggressively in this direction, but he had very little to work with.
His book Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger embraced the medical, legal, political, and religious dimensions of the subject and helped pioneer the emerging field of women's history.
But in fact, for large portions of the country, the s was a depressed decade. Beginning in the mids the great European migration to America accompanied by a much smaller stream from Asia swelled to tsunami proportions, until another war in once again dammed the flow.
Thus it appears that the availability of welfare programs—programs that did not exist a century ago—has combined with the family-reunification provisions to create new incentives for immigration that complicate comparisons of the economics of immigration today with that in the nineteenth century.
To recapitulate: The most comprehensive explanation of the causes of immigration a century ago is to be found in the disruptions visited on European society by population growth and the Industrial Revolution.
His principal focus is on the reception that American society extended to immigrants and prospective immigrants, and with what that reception shows about American self-perceptions and national identity. One in every four able-bodied people seeking work could not find employment.
Among those who were perplexed by the apparent submissiveness of the American people as the Depression descended was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. So note the date here: this is August of Germany: six and a half million dead of whom one million were civilians; most German civilians killed in the combined Anglo-American bombing raids.
And - now it's a mental exercise, but in fact it's a very good - it's a precise statement of the number of people unemployed, and it's a pretty good approximation of the speed with which this happened.
Virtually no one had electricity, virtually no one had indoor plumbing.