For example, the Bayh-Dole Act of in the US gave universities and private companies the right to patent the results of publicly funded research. David Williamson cleverly integrates the realistic portrayal of characters and dialogue into the play in order to effectively provide the reader with an insight into the power and politics of sport and the commoditisation of players.
Even though the commercial achievements of scientists are often excluded from tenure decisions, they are nevertheless valued very highly—especially by university administrators.
In short, the US universities became entrepreneurial. It is a blend of theories, thoughts and concepts that have radically changed over time. Hence, the commercialization of academic science is a subset of the commercialization of scientific activity and its results wherever it occurs, whether it is carried out in the universities or in for-profit research centers and laboratories.
The process is segmented in various phases like production, distribution, marketing, sales and lastly the service to the customers after dispatch.
In this special issue we have compiled many examples of these factors at work in science. Bartol notes that PG involves the topics of communication and public understanding of genetics, both of which require empirical investigation.
For example, Charles has added a red spot between the Seven and Up that represents talisman as stimulus to the brand. Chakrabarty case, the Supreme Court ruled that artificially created organisms could be patented under the US Patent Act. Also, inhe came up with a new name lemon- lime soft drink which is non caffeine and sugar free.
Should the commercialization of academic science be resisted, given its costs?