How to write a case series study example

Definitions What exactly is a case report? Quite obviously, since the overwhelming majority of clinical interactions occur in the field, not in teaching or research facilities, it falls to the field practitioner to record and pass on their experiences.

J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2 — Editorial or promotional remarks do not belong in a case study, no matter how great our enthusiasm. Also, do not refer to personal communication, since readers have no way of checking this information.

Case series abstract

A good rule for graphs is that they should contain sufficient information to be generally decipherable without reference to a legend. Open Peer Review reports Introduction: the importance of case reports Case reports are a time-honored tradition in the medical profession. Cohort studies are not as reliable as randomized controlled studies, since the two groups may differ in ways other than the variable under study. Case reports often describe: Unique cases that cannot be explained by known diseases or syndromes Cases that show an important variation of a disease or condition Cases that show unexpected events that may yield new or useful information Cases in which one patient has two or more unexpected diseases or disorders Case reports are considered the lowest level of evidence, but they are also the first line of evidence, because they are where new issues and ideas emerge. This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet. After this brief introduction, the guidelines below will follow the headings of our template. The actual case report Now let us discuss the brass tacks of writing the actual case report by going through the individual sections that will comprise the manuscript. Lancet, , Management and Outcome: In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. This is best left to experts in those fields. In order to find the best possible evidence, it helps to understand the basic designs of research studies. BMCRN is also an online, open access journal under BMC auspices publishing scientifically sound research across all fields of biology and medicine. Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used.

Case presentation: Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed. Authors may decide that the particular circumstances of their case study justify digression from our recommendations. BMCRN is also an online, open access journal under BMC auspices publishing scientifically sound research across all fields of biology and medicine.

Case series pdf

Internal validity of case series studies is usually very low, due to the lack of a comparator group exposed to the same array of intervening variables. They should not be confused with reviews of the literature or systematic reviews. She also suspected that because this is a new type of sunscreen other physicians may soon be seeing patients with this numbness. You would search for case reports that could help you decide on a direction of treatment or to assist on a diagnosis. Greene JB. Does the case report present a hypothesis that can be confirmed by another type of study? Case reports often describe: Unique cases that cannot be explained by known diseases or syndromes Cases that show an important variation of a disease or condition Cases that show unexpected events that may yield new or useful information Cases in which one patient has two or more unexpected diseases or disorders Case reports are considered the lowest level of evidence, but they are also the first line of evidence, because they are where new issues and ideas emerge. If a cute or clever title is used that obscures what the case is really about, then it may be even less likely that the manuscript is read. While the guidelines and template contain much detail, your finished case study should be only to 1, words in length. It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished. Tokyo: Springer Japan KK, In order to find the best possible evidence, it helps to understand the basic designs of research studies. For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales VAS for pain, or a journal of medication usage.

We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it. This is why they form the base of our pyramid. Randomized Controlled Studies: This is a study in which 1 There are two groups, one treatment group and one control group.

Authors now also have Cases Database, a continually updated, freely accessible database of thousands of medical case reports from multiple publishers.

Medical case study examples pdf

Field practitioners and students are seldom well-prepared to discuss physiology or pathology. The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. Author satisfaction consistently ranks high for the overall process in both journals. If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out. There should always be at least one corresponding author who is clearly identified. Place it on permanent record as a short, concise note. Case series have a descriptive study design ; unlike studies that employ an analytic design e. If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly. Does the case report present a hypothesis that can be confirmed by another type of study? To further strengthen this commitment, BMC in conjunction with Michael Kidd have developed the invaluable new resource of Cases Database, a continually updated, freely accessible database of thousands of medical case reports from multiple other publishers, including Springer, British Medical Journal, and PubMed Central. In the 5 years since its launch, JMCR has published over case reports.

I also hope to impart to the reader a brief overview of case report editorial flow in both JMCR and BMCRN along with the complementary relationship between both journals. The patient had stored the sunscreen in her cooler at the beach because she liked the feel of the cool spray in the hot sun.

case study abstract example

Try to avoid using textbooks as references, since it is assumed that most readers would already have this information.

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Guidelines to the writing of case studies