Types of references for research paper
Note that the Halevi study is limited in size, fails to factor in article type and does little to account for variances across different fields and journals. The rules are described in more detail, with examples, in section 3. Some readers find it advantageous that the footnotes provide full citations, instead of shortened references, so that they do not need to consult the bibliography while reading for the rest of the publication details. Are there any ethical issues regarding the paper that would disqualify it as a good source? Marcel Dekker, New York. Van Vechten, C. Peer-reviewed journal articles are research papers that have been accepted for publication after having undergone a rigorous editorial review process. Exceptions include some magazine and newspaper articles that might be cited in a research paper to make a point about public awareness of a given topic, to illustrate beliefs and attitudes about a given topic among journalists, or to refer to a news event that is relevant to a given topic. Make sure to balance your discussion with external literature citations. In another study by Falagas et al. Department of Zoology, Stockholm university, Stockholm. Potentially appropriate: books, encyclopedias, and other scholarly works Another potential source that you might use when writing a research paper is a book, encyclopedia, or an official online source such as demographic data drawn from a government website. Genetic variation in wild plants and animals in Sweden : a review of case studies from the perspective of conservation genetics. Last names of authors of works referred to plus their publication year are provided in parenthetical references. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism.
New York: Basic Books. The following examples and guidelines can help you prepare book references in proper APA format.
Refer to non-academic, not peer-reviewed sources sparingly, and if you do, be sure to carefully evaluate the accuracy and scientific merit of the source.
Why references are necessary References show that you have carefully reviewed the relevant literature and are now contributing something novel to the academic community. Images should be cited in all cases, even if the image is very small, or in the public domain.
Some may come from electronic sources such as the World Wide Web, Melvyl and Harvest databases available through the UC Davis library, CD references and the like, and some may come from interviews. Publisher, place of publication, chapter pages.
Publication year. For example: Communications of the ACM, 27 2 Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Careers Do you need to reference a book for your psychology or other social science paper? The first initials and last name of the translator and the notation 'Trans.
In-text Citation to References When citing a reference from your reference list, please use the following conventions. Review their author guidelines for limits on the number of references for your article type, and make sure your reference list complies with those journal restrictions.
Interviews If you choose to include any personal interviews, reference them with the person's name, their professional title and employer, and the date, time, and place of the interview.
Speech Hearing Res. Similarly, newer fields will have fewer published papers that can be referenced. Available: email: listserv ncsuvm. The different categories are described below. The American Political Science Association publishes both a style manual and a style guide for publications in this field. A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. Report There are also a number of different situations that affect how you will write your references such as whether the book has more than one author and whether it involves a chapter in an edited book. If the source is an edited volume in which case in the editor s will be listed on the cover , is published by a reputable source such as Academic Press, MIT Press, and others , or is written by a major expert in the field such as a researcher with a track record of peer-reviewed journal articles on the subject , then it is more likely to be trustworthy. The types of allowable sources may vary by course and instructor. Chester and North Wales. Other search engines, such as Google Scholar, typically include both peer-reviewed and not peer-reviewed articles in search results, and thus should be used with greater caution. What is a citation and citation style? Princeton University Press, Princeton, pp. Please note that the following represents a general set of recommended guidelines that is not specific to any class and does not represent department policy.
based on 74 review